Little Lead Hens


The first thing I did, the day we signed on our house, was order the chicks. In the excruciating suspense of the wait—while the assessor determined the house’s value, and the mortgage broker checked our numbers, and the seller hemmed and hawed about our offer—chicken shopping was something I could do to make this dream seem real. I flipped through my books, scoured the internet, made lists of the breeds I most desired, and even came up with the names. Violet. Myrtle. Gerty. Oona. Bessie. Camille.

And then it happened. We were homeowners.

I made the order, and then I started packing. And then I started thinking about the soil.

Soil isn’t generally the first thing people think about when they get chickens, but one day, as I was envisioning our future gardens, it dawned on me that now that we had finally convinced the bank to buy us a house, now that I could finally keep a backyard flock, there might be one more thing that could come between me and my dream of fresh organic eggs: Lead.

Even in 1910, the year the clapboards on our house were first hammered into place, childhood lead poisoning from the consumption of paint chips was already known to cause seizures, comas and even death. There was a rustling of activism in the 1930s, but the paint industry denied the science and turned the finger of blame on parents for allowing their children to eat the leaded paint chips in the first place. It wasn’t until 1976 that legislation was finally passed that would ban lead-based paint for good.

In the meantime, painters were scraping leaded paint into the soil around my house, and then brushing more leaded paint onto the clapboards, and then one day scraping that off, too. I needed to know how much lead was in my soil, because I needed to know if the dirt my birds would be scratching and pecking for grubs and grit was hopelessly contaminated.

So I ordered a little carton from my state’s Cooperative Extension. And one day, even as the books were still piled in their boxes in the living room, I dug out my trowel and excavated a few inches down into the dirt in the front garden and lifted some of the dark, damp soil from the bottom of the hole. It looked innocent enough, but only a lab test could give me the truth about my soil. I took another sample from the back of the house, which had been added on in the ’60s. And I shipped my dirt off to the lab.

Two weeks later, the results arrived in the mail. The contamination in the front garden was high. In the back, where my chickens would be penned, the lead levels turned out to be “moderate.” So.

Lead isn’t just poisonous to children. It is known to cause reproductive problems in adults, as well as kidney damage. In fact, the heavy metal can do harm to every organ system of the body. I didn’t want any of it in my eggs. Would the lead in our soil make its way up the food chain and into our frying pan?

The chicks arrived via US Mail in a peeping little cardboard box punched with air holes. At first, they lived in a large brooder under a heat lamp in my study. Frank set aside the electrical work that needed to be done, the stereo equipment that needed setting up, the bookshelves that needed assembling, and got to work designing and building a chicken coop. Optimistically, he built three nest boxes. Even if our hens’ eggs were contaminated with lead, they would still lay. Every day they would lay their little leaden eggs.

And what would we do with them, our own little Superfund eggs? We wouldn’t eat them, that we knew. We wouldn’t feed them to our dog or our cats; we wouldn’t throw them into our compost.

The months passed, and Violet, Myrtle, Gerty, Oona, Bessie and Camille grew into six beautiful young hens. Soon enough, we found a large brown egg nestled in the wood shavings in one of the nests. One by one, each hen began to lay: small pink-tinted eggs, medium white eggs, large dark brown eggs, large turquoise eggs, tiny white eggs. It was an egg cornucopia.

seveneggs copy

But were they safe to eat?

When finally spring came and the snow melted away and the ground thawed, I collected one egg from each chicken, scrambled them all together, and then poured some of the mixture into a Ziploc baggie. I deposited that in a yogurt container and packed it all up in another shipment to the Cooperative Extension. The rest, I poured into the frying pan and ate for breakfast.

This time, the lab would test the egg itself. In two more weeks, we would know if the eggs our diligent hens were producing were safe for consumption.

Or if the slow poisoning had already begun.

  7 comments for “Little Lead Hens

  1. DeAnna Satre
    June 23, 2011 at 11:27 am

    Great essay, Jenn. I love how you weave domestic life with political life. But I want to know how it turned out! Was there lead in the eggs, or not?

  2. Lisa D.
    June 23, 2011 at 11:46 pm

    Great piece, Lunden! I had 3 chickens awhile back. Named one Bess after my grandmother! I really want to know what the results of the egg test were.

  3. Jennifer Lunden
    June 24, 2011 at 8:20 am

    It came as a huge relief that the eggs had zero evidence of lead. Our chickens are unleaded!

  4. Erin G.
    September 22, 2011 at 1:53 pm

    I’ve found myself in a similar situation. Just sent soil samples out today. This is the first bit of solid good news I’ve found so far. Do you recall what you ppm of lead is in your coop soil?

  5. Jennifer Lunden
    September 22, 2011 at 3:30 pm

    Sadly, Erin, I have been unable to locate those test results, and I don’t remember the ppm of lead. Sorry. I believe our good news is due to the fact that the back of our house, where the pen is, was added on later, after lead was banned. Good luck with your test!

  6. Kat
    June 11, 2012 at 10:00 pm

    Write your message or comment here.

    Thanks for your story. It amazes me that the dangers of lead where known so long ago and yet the paint industry was able to continue using it. I heard that it became illegal in Europe around the 30s.

    What lab did you send your eggs to?

  7. Jennifer Lunden
    June 12, 2012 at 7:29 am

    I sent the eggs to a lab at the University of Southern Maine at Orono, I believe, Kat. I got the information through the cooperative extension.

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